David Hume Bibliography

A Treatise on Human Nature: Being an Attempt to Introduce the Experimental Method of Reasoning into Moral Subjects. Book 1, Of the Understanding and Book 2, Of the Passions 1739
Hume wrote the three-volume Treatise of Human Nature in La FlŠche, France. The first two volumes appeared together in late January 1739, and the third in the summer of 1740. All three volumes were published anonymously. Hume did not republish the work during his lifetime.
An Abstract of a Treatise of Human Nature 1740
Hume completed the Abstract after a hostile review of A Treatise of Human Nature appeared in the Works of the Learned. He published the Abstract anonymously in London under the title An abstract of a book lately published; entitled, A treatise of human nature, &c. Wherein the chief argument of that book is farther illustrated and explained. ?I have got it printed in London; but not in the Works of the Learned; there having been an Article with regard to my Book, somewhat abusive, printed in that Work, before I sent up the Abstract? (Hume to Francis Hutcheson, March 4, 1740).
Essays Moral and Political 1741
Published in 2 volumes. Hume began work in his Essays around 1739. They were published in late 1741 or early 1742. A second volume and a second edition of volume 1 appeared in 1742 and the two volumes were published together in 1748. This later edition was republished with other essays as Political Discourses (1752), a Essays Moral, Political and Literary (1758).
Queries and Answers Relating to Sir Robert Walpole?s Character 1742
On 2 February 1742 Sir Robert Walpole resigned as Great Britain's Prime Minister. On 13 February 1742 an anonymous article appeared in the Newcastle Journal, later reprinted in the Gentleman's Magazine in February 1742, consisting of ten critical questions regarding Hume's essay "A Character of Sir Rober Walpole" which appeared in his Essays Moral and Political (1742). Hume's replies to each of the questions were then published in the Scots Magazine in March 1742.
A Letter from a Gentleman to his Friend in Edinburgh: Containing Some Observations on a Specimen of the Principles concerning Religion and Morality, said to be maintain?d in a Book lately publish?d, intituled, A Treatise of Human Nature, &c. 1745
Letter in which Hume defended his nomination for the Chair of Moral Philosophy at the University Edinburgh after William Wishart, Principal of the university, drew up a list of allegedly dangerous propositions contained in Hume's Treatise of Human Nature.
True Account of the Behaviour and Conduct of Archibald Stewart 1748
Hume's defence of his friend Archibald Stewart, Edinburgh's provost, who was jailed by the Jacobite rebels for allege resisting the Jacobite Rebellion in July 1745. Steward was subsequently jailed for surrending Edinburgh after the rebellion failed. Henry Mackenzie wrote the following account of Hume's defence: "When Provost Stewart, who was a distinguished wine-merchant at that time (1746) and Provost of Edinburgh, was called to account for an alleged breach of duty in delivering the City to the rebels, D. Hume wrote a volunteer pamphlet in his defence shewing most convincingly that the City could not have been defended, and that standing a siege would have been attended with most disastrous consequences; the Provost on finding out his anonymous advocate, made him a present of a batch of uncommonly good Burgundy. ?The gift,? said David, in his good-humoured way, ?ruined me; I was obliged to give so many dinners in honour of the wine.?" [Anecdotes and Egotisms (1927)]
An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding 1748
Hume's friend Henry Home advised Hume against publication of the Enquiry due to its religious views. In a letter to Home Hume spoke of his "indifference about all the consequences that may follow". The work was published in April 1748 with the title Philosophical Essays Concerning Human Understanding. Hume retitled the work in 1758 to the more familiar Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding. A second addition was published in 1750. Reviews of the work appeared in G”ttingische Zeitungen von gelehrten Sachen in 1749 and 1753 (3rd edition). He circulated the manuscript among friends, including Henry Home who felt that it should not be published because of its religious views.
Three Essays Moral and Political (Of Natural Character, the Original Contract, Passive Obedience) 1748
One of the footnotes in Of Natural Character states "I am apt to suspect the negroes, and in general all the other species of men (for there are four or five kinds) to be naturally inferior to the whites". It concludes with the observation that the achievements of a Jamaican "negroe" known as "a man of parts and learning" were "slender", like those of "a parrot, who speaks a few words plainly".
On Miracles 1750
“A miracle may be accurately defined, a transgression of a law of nature by a particular volition of the Deity, or by the interposition of some invisible agent.”
An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals 1751
Based oo book 3 of the Treatise and published in November 1751 Hume wrote the Enquiry between 1749 and 1751 when he was staying with his brother at Ninewells. Hume considered it to be his finest work. “In my own opinion (who ought not to judge on that subject) it is of all my writings, historical, philosophical, or literary, incomparably the best: it came unnoticed and unobserved into the world.” (Hume, in his autobiography) A German translation appeared in 1756.
The Petition of the Grave and Venerable Bellmen (or Sextons) of the Church of Scotland 1751
A Petition in which Hume opposed the attempt early in 1750 of the General Assembly of the Church Scotland to increase the salaries of their ministers. Hume's brother was a member of the landed gentry, the group who who have been obliged to cover the costs. In a satirical vein Hume proposed that bell-ringers and grave diggers should also be given salary increases.
Scotticisms 1752
A ist of Scotticisms, that is, words of Scottish origin and with distinctive Scottish meaning to be avoided in English prose. The work was published anonymously with no date or publisher.
Political Discourses 1752
Like the Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals, Hume wrote the Political Discourses between 1749 and 1751 when he was staying with his brother at Ninewells. In "My Own Life" he wrote that it was his only work ?that was successful on the first publication. In 1758 the Political Discourses were published with the Essays Moral and Political (1741?1742) in a single volume entitled Essays Moral, Political and Literary. A French translation appeared in Amsterdam and a German translation in Hamburg in 1754.
Essays and Treatises on Several Subjects 1753
A four-volume collection of Hume?s works consisting of Essays Moral and Political, Philosophical Essays Concerning Human Understanding, An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals, and Political Discourses.
The History of England from the Invasion of Caesar to the Revolution of 1688 1754
Published in 6 vols. between 1754 and 1762. A French translation was begun in 1760 and in German in 1762. Upwards of 150 editions of the History appeared in the 19th century. Voltaire called it “perhaps the best ever written in any language. Mr. Hume, in his History, is neither parliamentarian, for royalist, nor Anglican, nor Presbyterian - he is simply judicial . . . (in this) new historian we find a mind superior to his materials; he speaks of weaknesses, blunders, cruelties as a physician speaks of epidemic diseases.” (Quoted in Mossner, Life of Hume, 318)
Four Dissertations, (The Natural History of Religion, Of the Passions, Of Tragedy, Of the Standard of Taste) 1757
The Four Dissertations originally contained five essays: (1) ?The Natural History of Religion,? (2) ?Of the Passions,? (3) ?Of Tragedy,? (4) ?Of Suicide,? (5) ?Of the Immortality of the Soul.? The controversy surrounding the last two essays prompted the publisher to removed them from the first edition. Hume replaced them with ?Of the Standard of Taste? and the work was republished as the Four Dissertations. Two sections in the "National History of Religion" were also made. Pirated versions of the two essays appeared in 1770, 1777 and 1783.

Hume did not rate this work, although it contained a rewriting of book 2 of the Treatise, thus concluding Hume’s restatement of that early work.

Bishop Warburton claimed that the design of the Natural History was “to establish naturalism, a species of atheism”, and to teach Bolingbroke’s atheism“ without Bolingbroke’s abusive language”. (Mossner, Life of Hume, 325)

“Of the Standard of Taste” is “a landmark of Enlightement thought”, it “attempts what the Enlightenment at its best always attempted: to substitute the authentic if relative certainty of experience for the absolute but spurious certainty of metaphysics or tradition.” (Gay, vol. II, 306)
Essays Moral, Political and Literary 1758
A volume combining two earlier works: Essays Moral and Political (1758) and Political Discourses (1752). Hume revised the content of the work in subsequent editions.
The History of England, under the House of Tudor. Comprehending the Reigns of K. Henry VII, K. Henry VIII, K. Edward VI, Q. Mary, and Q. Elizabeth 1759
Letter to Critical Review 1759
Letter in which Hume praises William Wilkie's The Epigoniad which appeared in 1757 in Edinburgh. Hume persuaded Andrew Millar to publish a second edition in London in 1759.
A Concise and Genuine Account of the Dispute Between Mr. Hume and Mr. Rousseau, With the Letters that passed between them during their Controversy. As also the Letters of the Hon. Walpole, and Mr. D’Alembert, relative to thie extraordinary Affair 1766
After having written five books of his Confessions at Wootton Hall, Rousseau in a letter of 2 August to his publisher M. Guy, which found its way into the London newspapers, defied Hume to publish an account of their dispute without’ enormous falsifications’. Hume considered delaying publication of his account until after his death; his friends in Scotland and Paris, and particularly Turgot, advised against it. However, Hume sent a copy to Paris, where it was translated into French by Jean-Baptiste-Antoine Suard (1734?1817) under the title Exposé succinct de la contestation qui s’est élevée M. Hume et M. Rousseau. It was then retranslated back into English and then published in LondonKing George III read the manuscripts before the work was published. Hume sent the manuscripts to the British Museum, requesting that they be housed there, but ?the curators did not think proper to give them place?. Both French and English editions were published in October.
Sixteen Notes on Walpole?s Historic Doubts 1769
The Sixteen Notes was a critique of Horace Walpole's Historic Doubts on the Life and Reign of King Richard the Third which was published in 1769. It appeared in the periodical M‚moires litt‚raires de la Grande Bretagne which was edited by Edward Gibbon and George Deyverdun. (Deyverdun was a clerk in the Secretary of State?s office, Northern Department, during the time Hume was employed at the office). Hume included his Sixteen Notes into a Note to Chapter 26 of his History of England.
The Life of David Hume, written by Himself 1776
This autobiography, the title of which Hume devised himself, was published in 1777. It is dated 18 April 1776. Hume died 25 August. It was published by Adam Smith who subsequently claimed that by doing so he had incurred “ten times more abuse than the very violent attack I had made upon the whole commercial system of Great Britain”. (E. C. Mossner, The Life of David Hume, p. 605).
My Own Life 1777
Hume wrote My Own Life in April 1776, intending it to be included in the next published edition of his Essays and Treatises. In March 1777 My Own Life and Adam Smith?s ?Letter... to William Strahan? were appeared in a pamphlet titled The Life of David Hume, Esq. Written by Himself. Although not part of the 1777 edition of Essays and Treatises, it was included in subsequent editions of that work and his History.
Two Essays, (On Suicide and The Immortality of the Soul) 1777
Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion 1779
Published posthumously. Hume wrote the Dialogues before 1751 and, in his will, appointed Adam Smith as his literary executor and bequeathed two hundred pounds to Smith for correcting and publishing the work, but he eventually came to an understanding with Smith, suspecting that he might suppress the work, leaving the manuscripts to Strahan the publisher, saying that if the work was not published within two and a half years of his death, the property would return to his nephew David. Neither Strahan nor Smith were willing to publish the work, and the author’s nephew published the Dialogues in 1779. Holbach translated and published a version in French in the same year under the title Dialogues sur la religion naturelle. Ouvrage posthume de David Hume, ecuyer.
Essays on suicide, and the immortality of the soul, ascribed to the late David Hume, Esq. Never before published. With remarks, intended as an antidote to the poison contained in these performances, by the editor. To which is added, two letters on suicide, from Rosseau?s [sic] Eloisa 1783
The Essay on Suicide, with Of the Immortality of the Soul was originally intended for publication in a work called Five Dissertations (1757). Hume and publisher Andrew Millar agreed to have the essays removed from the printed edition and the work was subsequently published as the Four Dissertations. The Gentleman's Magazine published the following account of the eventual appearance of the Essay on Suicide: "if report says true, and sometimes it does, the Essay on Suicide has been published [in 1756], and was suppressed by public authority. A great legacy was left to an eminent bookseller to publish it again, and, on his refusal, was offered to others; and when the more generous of the trade in Britain refused to give birth to such a national evil, it was dispatched into Holland [in 1770], to return hither again [in 1777], and scatter its pestilential influence over the fellow-subjects and fellow-citizens of the good, and Essays on suicide, and the immortality of the soul, ascribed to the late David Hume, Esq. Never before published. With remarks, intended as an antidote to the poison contained in these performances, by the editor. To which is added, two letters on suicide, from Rosseau?s [sic] Eloisa. humane, the social Mr. Hume". [?Laicus,? ?Observations on the Address to One of the People called Christians,? Gentleman?s Magazine, July 1777, Vol. 47, pp. 322?328.]. This edition of the work was based on a corrupted edition of the Essays which appeared in 1777. A French translation of the Essays appeard in sections 9 and 10 of Recueil philosophique, ou, Mˆlange de piŠces sur la religion & la morale (1770).